We consider a general class of hypoelliptic Langevin diffusions and study two related questions. The first question is large deviations for hypoelliptic multiscale diffusions as the noise and the scale separation parameter go to zero. The second question is small mass asymptotics of (a) the invariant measure corresponding to the hypoelliptic Langevin operator and of (b) related hypoelliptic Poisson equations. The invariant measure corresponding to the hypoelliptic problem and appropriate hypoelliptic Poisson equations enter the large deviations rate function due to the multiscale effects. Based on the small mass asymptotics we derive that the large deviations behavior of the multiscale hypoelliptic diffusion is consistent with the large deviations behavior of its overdamped counterpart. Additionally, we rigorously obtain an asymptotic expansion of the solution to relevant hypoelliptic Poisson equations with respect to the mass parameter, characterizing the order of convergence as the mass parameter goes to zero. The proof of convergence of invariant measures is of independent interest, as it involves an improvement of the hypocoercivity result for the kinetic Fokker-Planck equation. We do not restrict attention to gradient drifts and our proof provides explicit information on the dependence of the bounds of interest in terms of the mass parameter.


Mathematics and Statistics

Keywords and Phrases

Homogenization; Hypocoercivity; Hypoelliptic multiscale diffusions; Large deviations; Non-gradient systems

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2017 University of Washington, All rights reserved.

Creative Commons Licensing

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Publication Date

01 Jun 2017

Included in

Mathematics Commons