Inhibition by Substance P of Some Peripheral Actions of Acetylcholine in the Cat


The effect of substance P on contractions of the nictitating membrane and pressor responses to acetylcholine (ACh) and dimethylphenyl-piperazinium (DMPP) which were mediated via nocotinic receptors was studied in cats anaesthetized with chloralose. 2Substance P (2–20 nmol) injected into the lingual artery giving estimated concentrations in arterial blood of 10−6 to 10−5 m, or intravenously giving estimated concentrations in blood of 10−8 to 10−7 m, reduced hexamethonium-sensitive but not atropine-sensitive responses. 3The pressor effects of ACh and DMPP injected intra-arterially in atropinized and non-atropinized cats respectively were consistently attenuated by substance P given intra-arterially or intravenously. 4The contractile effect of ACh in atropinized and of DMPP in non-atropinized cats was attenuated by substance P injected intra-arterially but only rarely when the polypeptide was injected intravenously. 5The depressor effects of substance P per se were variable in magnitude and duration as were the inhibitory effects upon nicotinic receptors. The depressor and inhibitory effects of substance P were unrelated. 6There was desensitization to all of these effects of substance P which probably contributed to the variation in the magnitude of the effects observed. 7Substance P had no effect on muscarinic actions of acetyl-β-methylcholine on the nictitating membrane or blood pressure. 8The results are discussed in relation to the ubiquity of the modulatory actions of substance P on nicotinic receptors and in relation to the possible physiological significance of the action.


Mathematics and Statistics

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 1982 British Pharmacological Society, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 1982