Masters Theses

Keywords and Phrases

Gender; Industrial/Organizational; Prejudice


"The purpose of this study was to examine women's reactions to witnessing benevolent sexism (i.e., ambient benevolent sexism). Female participants (n = 59) witnessed another woman being treated with hostile sexism (HS), benevolent sexism (BS), or no sexism and their reactions were examined in respect to a) working memory capacity, b) task-specific self-efficacy, c) mental intrusions of incompetence, and d) negative affect. The study also examined how participants' personal endorsement of BS impacted the relationship between sexism condition and the outcome variables. Results indicate that there were no direct effects of sexism condition on the outcome variables, though there was an interaction between condition and BS endorsement in predicting negative affect. Specifically, participants who witnessed BS, compared to the control condition, reported higher negative affect to the extent that they endorsed BS. No interactions were found for the other three outcome variables. These results suggest that endorsement of BS may cause women to be more vulnerable to the negative emotional impacts of witnessing BS. As such, these results also suggest that interventions to reduce women's endorsement of BS may help women be able to better cope with or protect themselves from the effects of ambient BS"--Abstract, page iii.


Cundiff, Jessica L.

Committee Member(s)

Reynolds Kueny, Clair
Burns, Devin Michael


Psychological Science

Degree Name

M.S. in Industrial-Organizational Psychology


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Summer 2019


ix, 48 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 44-47)


© 2019 Amanda E. Mosier, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

File Type




Thesis Number

T 11597

Electronic OCLC #