Masters Theses

Keywords and Phrases

Finite element analysis; Gravity gliding salt; Nile Delta; Stress orientations


"The offshore Nile Delta is characterized by variations of the maximum horizontal stress orientation in subsalt and supra-salt sequences. Margin-parallel SH, typical for tertiary deltas, is observed for regions that are below or do not contain evaporites. In sequences underlain by evaporates pre-dominantly margin-normal SH is observed. This observation yielded the first conclusive in situ evidence that salt acts as a mechanical detachment layer. In this study, 3D finite element analysis (FEA) is used to simulate the total stress distribution in the offshore Nile Delta featuring evaporate sequences. Several parameters such as different salt sequence geometries, friction coefficient on faults, and salt viscosity are considered. The numerical modeling results are used to evaluate if possible basal drag forces or mechanical property contrast effect induced by gravitational gliding result in varying stress orientations and if the observed stress orientations in the Nile Delta can be explained and correlated by the numerical modeling results. Implication of the modeling results for hydrocarbon production will be analyzed and discussed."--Abstract, page iii.


Eckert, Andreas

Committee Member(s)

Nygaard, Runar
Hogan, John Patrick


Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Degree Name

M.S. in Petroleum Engineering


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2016


xi, 80 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 75-79).

Geographic Coverage

Nile River Delta, Egypt


© 2016 Weicheng Zhang, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Thrust faults (Geology) -- Mathematical models
Stratigraphic traps (Petroleum geology) -- Egypt -- Nile River Delta
Finite element method

Thesis Number

T 10901

Electronic OCLC #



Thesis Location