Masters Theses

Keywords and Phrases

Kidney Stone; Minor and Trace Element Detection; Neutron Activation Analysis; Neutron Detection; X-ray Detection; X-ray Fluorescence


"The determination of accurate material composition of a kidney stone is crucial for understanding the formation of the kidney stone as well as for preventive therapeutic strategies. Radiations probing instrumental activation analysis techniques are excellent tools for identification of involved materials present in the kidney stone. The X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and neutron activation analysis (NAA) experiments were performed and different kidney stones were analyzed. The interactions of X-ray photons and neutrons with matter are complementary in nature, resulting in distinctly different materials detection. This is the first approach to utilize combined X-ray fluorescence and neutron activation analysis for a comprehensive analysis of the kideny stones. Presently, experimental studies in conjunction with analytical techniques were used to determine the exact composition of the kidney stone. The use of open source program Python Multi-Channel Analyzer was utilized to unfold the XRF spectrum. A new type of experimental set-up was developed and utilized for XRF and NAA analysis of the kidney stone. To verify the experimental results with analytical calculation, several sets of kidney stones were analyzed using XRF and NAA technique. The elements which were identified from XRF technique are Br, Cu, Ga, Ge, Mo, Nb, Ni, Rb, Se, Sr, Y, Zr. And, by using Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) are Au, Br, Ca, Er, Hg, I, K, Na, Pm, Sb, Sc, Sm, Tb, Yb, Zn. This thesis presents a new approach for exact detection of accurate material composition of kidney stone materials using XRF and NAA instrumental activation analysis techniques."--Abstract, page iii.


Liu, Xin (Mining & Nuclear Engr)

Committee Member(s)

Lee, Hyoung-Koo
Alajo, Ayodeji Babatunde


Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science

Degree Name

M.S. in Nuclear Engineering


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Summer 2014


x, 52 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 50-51).


© 2014 Anjali Srivastava, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Kidneys -- Calculi -- Analysis
X-ray spectroscopy
Nuclear activation analysis

Thesis Number

T 10523

Electronic OCLC #