Masters Theses


"This research work sought to validate the driving simulator at Missouri University of Science and Technology and to evaluate the vehicle mounted attenuator (VMA) markings for various times of day. For comprehensive validation of the driving simulator, a framework is proposed which is demonstrated using a fixed-base driving simulator. Objective and subjective evaluations were conducted, and validation of the driving simulator was performed at specific locations and along the highway. Field data were collected for a partial lane closure using a global positioning system (GPS) along the work zone and supplemented with video recordings of traffic data at specific locations in the work zone. The work zone scenario was reconstructed in a driving simulator and analyzed with 46 participants. The results of objective evaluation established the absolute and relative validity of the driving simulator. The results of subjective evaluation of the simulator indicated realistic experience by the participants.

Evaluation of four VMAs used by departments of transportation (DOTs) in work zones determined the effectiveness of specific striping patterns and color combinations. The survey of DOTs indicate that the yellow and black inverted 'V' pattern is the most widely used since it is the one most often provided by VMA suppliers. A driving simulator study was then conducted to evaluate each VMA for use during the day, at dusk, and at night. By driving through virtual highway work zones, 120 participants of various ages evaluated the VMA markings. Additionally, the drivers completed a detailed subjective survey. The results of the objective and subjective evaluations indicate that, overall, the red and white checkerboard pattern is most effective"--Abstract, page iv.


Bham, Ghulam
Leu, M. C. (Ming-Chuan)

Committee Member(s)

Samaranayake, V. A.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Name

M.S. in Mechanical Engineering


United States. Federal Highway Administration
Missouri. Department of Transportation


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2010

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Validation of driving simulator for study of driver behavior in work zones
  • Young driver's evaluation of vehicle mounted attenuator markings in work zones using a driving simulator
  • Driving simulator study: evaluation of vehicle mounted attenuator markings in work zones during different times of the day


xi, 129 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references.


© 2010 Durga Raj Mathur, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Automobile drivers -- Attitudes
Automobile driving simulators
Road work zones -- Case studies -- Safety measures -- United States
Teenage automobile drivers -- Attitudes
Traffic signs and signals -- Design

Thesis Number

T 9620

Print OCLC #


Electronic OCLC #