Keywords and Phrases
"Determining shale gas petrophysical properties is the cornerstone to any reservoir-management practice. Hitherto, conventional core analyses are inadequate to attain the petrophysical properties of shale gas at submicron-scale. This study combines interdisciplinary techniques from material science, petrophysics, and geochemistry to characterize different shale gas samples from North America including Utica, Haynesville and Fayetteville shale gas plays. Submicron pore structure, clay mineralogy, wettability and organic matter maturation were investigated to evaluate the petrophysical properties of shale gas rocks and to determine the impact of organic and inorganic matters on wettability alteration for different fracturing fluids on shale gas rocks.
High pressure (up to 60,000 psi) mercury porosimetry analysis (MICP) determined the pore size distributions. A robust detailed sequential milling and imaging procedure using dual beam (SEM/FIB) instrument was implemented successfully to characterize the submicron-pore structures. Various types of porosities were observed on SEM images. Pores were found in organic matters with the size of nano level and occupied 40-50% of the kerogen body. The reconstructed 3D pore model provided key insights into the petrophysical properties of shale gas such as pore size histogram, porosity, tortuosity and anisotropy, etc. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed high illite content in Haynesville shale. It also suggested high calcite content in Utica shale samples. Wettability tests showed that most of the additives that were used can alter shale gas surfaces toward hydrophilic-like system (water-wet). Moreover, palynofacies analysis provided valuable information about kerogen type and its degree of thermal maturation, which are key parameters in shale gas exploration"--Abstract, page iii.
Flori, Ralph E.
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
M.S. in Petroleum Engineering
Missouri University of Science and Technology
xi, 78 pages
© 2011 Malek Elgmati, All rights reserved.
Thesis - Open Access
Oil-shales -- Analysis
Sediments (Geology) -- Analysis
Shale -- Arkansas -- Fayetteville
Print OCLC #
Electronic OCLC #
Link to Catalog Record
Elgmati, Malek, "Shale gas rock characterization and 3D submicron pore network reconstruction" (2011). Masters Theses. 6735.