"This study is a GPR-based assessment of three bridge decks, two with a hot bituminous wearing surface and one with a bare concrete slab. The primary objectives of this study were: 1) to assess the integrity of the three bridge decks using a 1.5 GHz ground-coupled GPR antenna, and 2) to evaluate the utility of the 1.5 GHz ground-coupled antenna for bridge deck investigations. Core control (chloride ion concentration data and core integrity data) and visual inspection were used as interpretive constraint. The acquired GPR data were interpreted, and two plan view maps were generated. One depicts the magnitude of the reflections from the uppermost mat of rebar, and the second shows the arrival time of these reflections. Analysis of the GPR data and core control indicates that the magnitude of the reflected GPR signal from the uppermost mat of rebar is a direct function of concrete integrity. Higher magnitude reflections indicate higher quality concrete. To a lesser extent, the arrival time of the reflected energy is also indicative of concrete quality. Faster arrival times generally indicate higher quality concrete. Exceptions to this rule occur where the depth to the top layer of rebar varies. In this study, relative reflection amplitudes of less than 3000 on the bare concrete bridge and less than 5000 on the bituminous surface bridges indicate severe deterioration. Core control data was interpreted based on chloride ion corrosion threshold. Corrosion of rebar occurs once chloride ions content adjacent to the rebar reaches a threshold of approximately 0.033% to 0.04% by weight of concrete (or 330 ppm to 400 ppm). The GPR data correlates well with the core control, indicating that the 1.5 GHz antenna is an effective tool for assessing the condition of bridge decks"--Abstract, page iii.
Anderson, Neil L. (Neil Lennart), 1954-
Abdel Salam, Mohamed G.
Maerz, Norbert H.
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
M.S. in Geological Engineering
Missouri University of Science and Technology
xi, 108 pages
© 2009 Amos Wamweya, All rights reserved.
Thesis - Open Access
Ground penetrating radar
Bridges -- Floors -- Inspection
Print OCLC #
Electronic OCLC #
Link to Catalog Record
Wamweya, Amos, "Application of ground penetrating radar (GPR) for bridge deck condition assessment: using a 1.5 GHz ground-coupled antenna" (2009). Masters Theses. 5520.