Masters Theses


Ishan Kumar


"Geological storage projects of CO₂ are designed to maintain secure storage for thousands of years. Carbon Capture and Storage has been identified as one of the methods which is used to reduce global emission of CO₂ and achieve lower concentration of CO₂ in the atmosphere by capturing the CO₂ from the flue gases and storing it in underground formations. Potential leakage of injected CO₂ from the reservoir to the surface is caused by the reactivation of pre-existing faults and fractures which is caused by the change in the state of stresses and the pore pressure. To avoid damage to the reservoir seals, ensure fault stability and validate maximum sustainable pore pressure, a geomechanical characterization which refers to the assessment of the in-situ stress, elastic properties and rock strength of the rock helps to determine the seal integrity of the caprock and the storage capacity of the reservoir during and after injection of CO₂ in underground formations. In this study a direct shear apparatus was assembled in order to determine the direct and residual shear strengths of the rock. Mohr-Coulomb failure criteria, slip tendency parameters and joint roughness coefficient were used to determine the chances of the reactivation of pre-existing faults and fractures in the caprock and the reservoir rock. It was seen from the study that if in-situ stress regime were considered none of the faults or fractures is getting reactivated. This study also helped to develop a sustainable pore pressure window and the maximum sustainable pore pressure is calculated for the reactivation of faults. If the injection pressure of CO₂ is kept between the sustainable pore pressure window there will be no reactivation of faults and the leakage of CO₂ from the reservoir to the surface can be avoided"--Abstract, page iii.


Nygaard, Runar

Committee Member(s)

Bai, Baojun
Eckert, Andreas


Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Degree Name

M.S. in Petroleum Engineering


DOE Energy Storage Program
United States. Department of Energy


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Fall 2012


x, 114 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (page 73).

Geographic Coverage



© 2012 Ishan Kumar, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Carbon cycle (Biogeochemistry)
Carbon sequestration
Faults (Geology) -- Missouri
Shear (Mechanics)

Thesis Number

T 10118

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