Masters Theses


"Building materials considered "green" were tested for their ability to remove ozone and their potential to generate undesirable byproducts such as aldehydes. Three types of ceiling tile were tested, along with seven flooring materials and eight wall materials. These materials were selected based on "green" criteria. For several this means they were recycled or produced from renewable resources. Others were designed to be low emitting, or due to their composition were likely to be low emitting. Ozone deposition velocities ranged from 0.25 m h-1 for a type of resilient linoleum type flooring to 8.23 m h-1 for a clay based paint. Summed aldehyde yields ranged from 0.0 for a clay wall plaster to 0.67 for a recycled rubber tile. We find that "green" carpet is a very good ozone sink, with a reaction probability of 3.69 x10-5, but aldehyde yields are large (>0.3). The clay wall plaster has a reaction probability higher than carpet at 5.63 x10-5, and aldehyde yields are very low. This promising material can reduce ozone concentrations in a typical building by 65% if applied to walls as an alternative to paint. Results showed overall that materials that were fleecy or porous had higher ozone reactivity then materials that were smooth or non-porous. Coatings and finishes on the material also reduced ozone reactivity"--Abstract, page iii.


Morrison, Glenn

Committee Member(s)

Fitch, Mark W.
Ludlow, Douglas K.


Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Degree Name

M.S. in Environmental Engineering


U.S. Green Building Council


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2011


xiv, 146 pages


© 2011 Seth Paul Lamble, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Aldehydes -- Environmental aspects
Building materials -- Environmental aspects
Green products
Ozone-depleting substances
U.S. Green Building Council

Thesis Number

T 9831

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