Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

3-26-2001

Session End Date

3-31-2001

Abstract

A review is made of geotechnical factors that played an important role in three recent earthquake-induced failures, two of which were deadly. The first two catastrophes concern two five-storey hotels that collapsed during the “Alkyonides earthquake” of 24 February 1981 (M=6.7) and the “Egion earthquake” of 15 June 1995 (M=6.2). The third failure is the collapse of a multi-storey factory caused by the “Athens earthquake” of 7 September 1999 (M=5.9). In the first two catastrophes, ground subsidence was estimated by two different methods and was found to be of the order of 0.13 to 0.46 m. These estimates are based on tentative assumptions that should be reviewed and possibly revised. Considerable differential settlements must have existed before the earthquake, as there were no basements that would have attenuated vertical loading and so even a moderate additional differential settlement could cause failure. In the third case, the structure was built near the edge of a steep slope of clayey soil. The co-seismic shear displacement caused the footings resting on the sliding mass to settle, thus causing severe distortions to the structure.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fourth Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

3-26-2001

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2001 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Mar 26th, 12:00 AM Mar 31st, 12:00 AM

Geotechnical Factors in Recent Earthquake-Induced Structural Failures in Greece

San Diego, California

A review is made of geotechnical factors that played an important role in three recent earthquake-induced failures, two of which were deadly. The first two catastrophes concern two five-storey hotels that collapsed during the “Alkyonides earthquake” of 24 February 1981 (M=6.7) and the “Egion earthquake” of 15 June 1995 (M=6.2). The third failure is the collapse of a multi-storey factory caused by the “Athens earthquake” of 7 September 1999 (M=5.9). In the first two catastrophes, ground subsidence was estimated by two different methods and was found to be of the order of 0.13 to 0.46 m. These estimates are based on tentative assumptions that should be reviewed and possibly revised. Considerable differential settlements must have existed before the earthquake, as there were no basements that would have attenuated vertical loading and so even a moderate additional differential settlement could cause failure. In the third case, the structure was built near the edge of a steep slope of clayey soil. The co-seismic shear displacement caused the footings resting on the sliding mass to settle, thus causing severe distortions to the structure.