Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

3-26-2001

Session End Date

3-31-2001

Abstract

In the construction of sea revetment, composite type of revetment has been frequently used in Japan, in which huge sized concrete caissons are placed on gravel mound to sustain earth pressure induced by sea reclamation. There are several case records of serious disaster with large displacement of the caisson in huge earthquake. This requires research efforts to find a new type of sea revetment having better static and dynamic performances. A sort of tieback caisson is an idea for the requirement, in which a concrete caisson with relatively small width is reinforced by many anchors. Authors started to study the applicability of this new type of caisson to sea revetment construction, in which a series of centrifuge test has been conducted to investigate its static and dynamic behaviors. In the dynamic tests, the model ground was subjected to several earthquake motions at a 50 g centrifugal acceleration field until the ground failed. The model tests were conducted changing the caisson width and the number and length of anchors. Simple calculations incorporating with the anchor force were also conducted to evaluate stability of the caisson. This paper describes the model ground preparation, test results and calculated results in detail.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fourth Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

3-26-2001

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2001 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Mar 26th, 12:00 AM Mar 31st, 12:00 AM

Dynamic Centrifuge Tests on Sea Revetment with Multi-Anchors

San Diego, California

In the construction of sea revetment, composite type of revetment has been frequently used in Japan, in which huge sized concrete caissons are placed on gravel mound to sustain earth pressure induced by sea reclamation. There are several case records of serious disaster with large displacement of the caisson in huge earthquake. This requires research efforts to find a new type of sea revetment having better static and dynamic performances. A sort of tieback caisson is an idea for the requirement, in which a concrete caisson with relatively small width is reinforced by many anchors. Authors started to study the applicability of this new type of caisson to sea revetment construction, in which a series of centrifuge test has been conducted to investigate its static and dynamic behaviors. In the dynamic tests, the model ground was subjected to several earthquake motions at a 50 g centrifugal acceleration field until the ground failed. The model tests were conducted changing the caisson width and the number and length of anchors. Simple calculations incorporating with the anchor force were also conducted to evaluate stability of the caisson. This paper describes the model ground preparation, test results and calculated results in detail.