Location

San Diego, California

Session Start Date

3-26-2001

Session End Date

3-31-2001

Abstract

Pre-formed steel or concrete pile elements are installed by high energy impact or vibro-driver, which causes outgoing ground waves. In severe cases, adjacent buildings are at risk of damage. Assessment of risk is conventionally by reference to threshold limits of vibration. The global approach considers neither the interactive effects between ground and structure, nor frequency and duration. Here, firstly, the dynamics of a pile head impact and of the transmission of a portion of the energy into the ground were modelled by a combination of finite elements (FE), springs and dashpots. The boundary disturbances were then applied to a second model of the soil as an elastic half space. This outer model was constructed of axisymmetric finite and infinite elements for calibration against on-site measurements. The infinite elements (IE) represented a wider zone, and avoided spurious wave reflections at boundaries. Next, the verified ground disturbances adjacent to the pile were used as input to a three-dimensional FE/IE wedge-shaped model of a ‘slice’ of the axisymmetric system. Various structural forms, of steel frame structures and of brick walls, were added, giving a dynamic soil-structure analysis. Results show the responses of flexible and stiff structures to outgoing waves caused by impact pile driving and vibro-driving.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Fourth Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

3-26-2001

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2001 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Mar 26th, 12:00 AM Mar 31st, 12:00 AM

Ground Waves Generated by Pile Driving, and Structural Interaction

San Diego, California

Pre-formed steel or concrete pile elements are installed by high energy impact or vibro-driver, which causes outgoing ground waves. In severe cases, adjacent buildings are at risk of damage. Assessment of risk is conventionally by reference to threshold limits of vibration. The global approach considers neither the interactive effects between ground and structure, nor frequency and duration. Here, firstly, the dynamics of a pile head impact and of the transmission of a portion of the energy into the ground were modelled by a combination of finite elements (FE), springs and dashpots. The boundary disturbances were then applied to a second model of the soil as an elastic half space. This outer model was constructed of axisymmetric finite and infinite elements for calibration against on-site measurements. The infinite elements (IE) represented a wider zone, and avoided spurious wave reflections at boundaries. Next, the verified ground disturbances adjacent to the pile were used as input to a three-dimensional FE/IE wedge-shaped model of a ‘slice’ of the axisymmetric system. Various structural forms, of steel frame structures and of brick walls, were added, giving a dynamic soil-structure analysis. Results show the responses of flexible and stiff structures to outgoing waves caused by impact pile driving and vibro-driving.