Location

St. Louis, Missouri

Session Start Date

3-11-1991

Session End Date

3-15-1991

Abstract

In order to investigate undrained behavior of saturated sand, three types of undrained triaxial tests were performed for saturated Toyoura sand, i.e., cyclic loading test with (DTU-test) and without (DU-test) constant initial shear stress and tests in which constant rate axial strain and cyclic axial stress were applied to a specimen simultaneously (DCU-test). In DCU-tests, three types of failure were observed, i.e.; 1) perfectly liquefied in the case of relatively loose sand, 2) initially liquefied, but shear failure was induced after strength recovery for succeeding loading in the case of relatively dense sand, and 3) shear failure was induced without liquefaction. Furthermore, constitutive equations taking account of strain history of materials were derived and applied to the above test conditions. Calculated stress-strain-pore water pressure behaviors showed good agreements with experimental results.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conferences on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics

Meeting Name

Second Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

3-11-1991

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 1991 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Cyclic Undrained Behavior of Saturated Sand Under Monotonic Loading

St. Louis, Missouri

In order to investigate undrained behavior of saturated sand, three types of undrained triaxial tests were performed for saturated Toyoura sand, i.e., cyclic loading test with (DTU-test) and without (DU-test) constant initial shear stress and tests in which constant rate axial strain and cyclic axial stress were applied to a specimen simultaneously (DCU-test). In DCU-tests, three types of failure were observed, i.e.; 1) perfectly liquefied in the case of relatively loose sand, 2) initially liquefied, but shear failure was induced after strength recovery for succeeding loading in the case of relatively dense sand, and 3) shear failure was induced without liquefaction. Furthermore, constitutive equations taking account of strain history of materials were derived and applied to the above test conditions. Calculated stress-strain-pore water pressure behaviors showed good agreements with experimental results.