Updated Screening Criteria for Steam Flooding Based on Oil Field Projects Data
Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) screening is considered the first step in evaluating potential EOR techniques for candidate reservoirs. Therefore, as new technologies are developed, it is important to update the screening criteria. Many of the screening criteria for steam flooding that have been described in the literature were based on data collected from EOR surveys biennially published in the Oil & Gas Journal. However, these datasets contain some problems, including outliers, missing data, inconsistent data and duplicate data, that could affect the accuracy of the results. Despite the importance of ensuring the quality of a dataset before running analyses, data quality has not been addressed in previous research related to EOR screening criteria. The objective of this current work was to update the screening criteria for steam flooding by using a database that had been cleaned. The original dataset included 1,785 steam flooding field projects from around the world (Brazil, Canada, China. Colombia, Congo, France, Germany, Indonesia, Trinidad, U.S. and Venezuela). These projects had been reported in the Oil and Gas Journal from 1980 to 2012. After delecting and deleting the duplicate projects, only 626 field projects remained. To analyze and describe the results of the dataset, both graphical and statistical methods were used. A box plot and cross plots were used to detect and identify data problems, allowing for the removal of outliers and inconsistent data. Histogram distributions and box plots were used to show the distribution of each parameter and present the range of the dataset. New screening criteria were developed based on these statistics and the defined data parameters. The developed criteria were compared with previously published criteria, and their differences arc explained in this paper.
M. Q. Hama et al., "Updated Screening Criteria for Steam Flooding Based on Oil Field Projects Data," Proceedings of the SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada (2014, Calgary, Canada), vol. 1, pp. 363-381, Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), Jun 2014.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.2118/170031-MS
SPE Heavy Oil Conference Canada (2014: Jun. 10-12, Calgary, Canada)
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
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Article - Conference proceedings
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01 Jun 2014