A pseudo-three-dimensional (pseudo-3D) methodology to back-analyze coseismic landslides was developed and applied to 68 mapped landslides, which occurred over approximately 1 km2area in Egkremnoi, Greece, during the 2015 Mw6.5 Lefkada earthquake. The methodology is based on a one-dimensional (1D) Newmark-type sliding block model to assess instability and a spatial projection in 3D topography to derive landslide geometry. The strength parameters for modeled landslides that best match the landslide location, area, and volume were derived through an iterative scheme that optimizes the match using predefined matching criteria. The range of different-sized landslides produced shear strength estimates from ~10 to 300 kPa and led to the derivation of a regionally averaged strength envelope characterized by a cohesion of 6 kPa and a friction angle of 53° for the highly fractured limestones that are encountered in this area. Compared to previous full 3D slope stability analyses in this area, the friction angle using this methodology was found to be generally consistent, but the cohesion was lower. The presented methodology can provide a computationally efficient method to estimate the average shear strength of a geologic unit over large areas, especially where extensive field and laboratory tests on the materials are unavailable or difficult to conduct.
W. Gong et al., "Newmark-Type Pseudo-Three-Dimensional Back-Analysis Of Co-Seismic Landslides In Egkremnoi, Lefkada, Greece," Geotechnical Special Publication, no. GSP 329, pp. 405 - 414, American Society of Civil Engineers, Nov 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1061./9780784483695.040
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
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