Inaccessible pore volume (IAPV) can have an important impact on the placement of gelant during in situ gel treatment for conformance control. Previously, IAPV was considered to be a constant factor in simulators, yet it lacked dynamic characterization. This paper proposes a numerical simulation model of IAPV. The model was derived based on the theoretical hydrodynamic model of gelant molecules. The model considers both static features, such as gelant and formation properties, and dynamic features, such as gelant rheology and retention. To validate our model, we collected IAPV from 64 experiments and the results showed that our model fit moderately into these lab results, which proved the robustness of our model. The results of the sensitivity test showed that, considering rheology and retention, IAPV in the matrix dramatically increased when flow velocity and gelant concentration increased, but IAPV in the fracture maintained a low value. Finally, the results of the penetration degree showed that the high IAPV in the matrix greatly benefited gelant placement near the wellbore situation with a high flow velocity and gelant concentration. By considering dynamic features, this new numerical model can be applied in future integral reservoir simulators to better predict the gelant placement of in situ gel treatment for conformance control.
J. Leng et al., "A Novel Numerical Model of Gelant Inaccessible Pore Volume for in Situ Gel Treatment," Gels, vol. 8, no. 6, article no. 375, MDPI, Jun 2022.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.3390/gels8060375
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Gelant; IAPV; Placement; Retention; Rheology
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Jun 2022