Increasing Oil Recovery from Unconventional Shale Reservoirs using Cyclic Carbon Dioxide Injection


Unconventional shale reservoirs have become and large unconventional supplier of oil and gas especially in North America. They are usually produced from using hydraulic fracturing which produces and average of 7-10% per well. This research studies the application of carbon dioxide (CO2) enhanced oil recovery (EOR)in shale reservoirs to increase oil recovery to more than 20%. Cyclic CO2 injection was used to conduct all experiments rather than flooding. The main difference between both procedures and the advantage of cyclic injection over flooding in shale reservoirs is explained. A specially designed vessel was constructed and used to mimic the cyclic CO2 injection procedure. The effect of CO2 soaking pressure, CO2 soaking time,and number of soaking cycles on oil recovery was investigated. Results showed that cyclic CO2 injection can increase oil recovery substantially, however there are some points that must be taken into consideration including optimum soaking pressure and time in order to avoid a waste of time and capital with no significant increase in oil recovery. This research not only provides an experimentally backed conclusion on the ability of cyclic CO2 injection to increase oil recovery from shale reservoirs, it also points to some major issue that should be considered when applying this EOR method in unconventional shale in order to optimize the overall procedure.

Meeting Name

Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Europec Featured at 82nd EAGE Conference and Exhibition (2020: Dec. 1-3, Virtual)


Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

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Article - Conference proceedings

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Publication Date

03 Dec 2020