Serious problems will be presented due to using conventional chemical additives to regulate the drilling mud properties, as they have health, safety, and environmental side effects. Thus, there is a considerable necessity for alternative multifunctional bio-enhancer drilling mud additives, which can assist in optimizing the drilling fluid specifications and enhance its effectiveness with the least effects on the environment and the drilling personnel safety. The effects of adding two concentrations of palm tree leaves powder (PTLP) to water-based mud were conducted under fresh and aged conditions using standard API drilling fluids testing methods such as rheometer/viscometer, pH meter and temperature, and filter press. All tests results were minutely recorded to understand the influence of PTLP additives on the drilling mud properties. The results indicated that PTLP as an effective material to be used as pH reducer, viscosity reducer, and as an excellent filtration loss control agent under the surface and sub-surface conditions. Thus, PTLP has excellent feasibility to be utilized as biodegradable drilling mud additive replacing or at least supporting other conventional chemical additives, which have usually been used for the same purposes such as lignosulphonate, chrome-lignite, and Resinex. Finally, this work can serve as a practical guide for minimizing the cost of the drilling fluid and reducing the amount of non-biodegradable waste disposed to the environment.


Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Center for Research in Energy and Environment (CREE)

Keywords and Phrases

Aged conditions; Bio-enhancer; Drilling fluid; Palm tree leave powder

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

2190-0558; 2190-0566

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2020 The Authors, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Feb 2020