Increasing Production Flow Rate and overall Recovery from Gas Hydrate Reservoirs using a Combined Steam Flooding-Thermodynamic Inhibitor Technique
When producing from gas hydrate reservoirs using steam flooding, since hydrate dissociation is an endothermic reaction, the heat is used up. This results in a decrease in reservoir temperature which causes the hydrate equilibrium conditions to be established again, thus causing hydrate reformation. This research studies the effect of injecting thermodynamic inhibitors during steam injection on overcoming the problem of hydrate reformation which in turn will increase hydrocarbon recovery significantly from hydrate reservoirs. The reservoir model was built based on data collected from previous models found in the literature. After specifying all parameters for the reservoir, and the hydrate layer, a systematic study was performed in order to assess the use of inhibitors with steam flooding. The production methods studied include depressurization, steam flooding, inhibitor injection including both brine and glycol, and finally the combined steam flooding inhibitor injection method. The conditions for the steam flooding were kept the same during all runs in order to be able to compare them. Results indicated that the use of the thermal stimulation alone without inhibitor managed to increase recovery, however, the problem of hydrate reformation occurred which caused a cessation of production. Using inhibitors alone managed to increase recovery as well, however the recovery increase was much less compared to thermal stimulation. The type of inhibitor also played a role in recovery with the glycol producing the most, followed by the brine. By combining both steam flooding and inhibitor injection, the recovery increased significantly more than what was observed when using each of the methods on its own. To the authors' knowledge, no extensive study has been performed by combining both steam flooding and inhibitor to increase hydrocarbon recovery from hydrate reservoirs. This research can help in improving real field gas hydrate projects by making the overall project much more economic by increasing hydrocarbon recovery.
S. Fakher et al., "Increasing Production Flow Rate and overall Recovery from Gas Hydrate Reservoirs using a Combined Steam Flooding-Thermodynamic Inhibitor Technique," Proceedings of the SPE Trinidad and Tobago Section Energy Resources Conference (2018, Trinidad and Tobago), Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), Jun 2018.
SPE Trinidad and Tobago Section Energy Resources Conference 2018 (2018: Jun. 25-26, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago)
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Energy resources; Floods; Gas hydrates; Glycols; Hydration; Hydrocarbons; Recovery; Steam; Steam reforming; Thermal oil recovery, Cessation of productions; Endothermic reactions; Gas hydrate reservoir; Hydrate dissociation; Hydrocarbon recovery; Increasing production; Reservoir temperatures; Thermodynamic inhibitors, Reservoirs (water)
Article - Conference proceedings
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01 Jun 2018