Land subsidence as a result of groundwater overpumping in the San Joaquin Valley, California, is associated with the loss of groundwater storage and aquifer contamination. Although the physical processes governing land subsidence are well understood, building predictive models of subsidence is challenging because so much subsurface information is required to do so accurately. For the first time, we integrate airborne electromagnetic data, representing the subsurface, with subsidence data, mapped by interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR), to model deformation. By combining both data sets, we are able to solve for hydrologic and geophysical properties of the subsurface to effectively model the complex spatiotemporal process of deformation. The resulting model reveals that roughly 3 m of subsidence has occurred at one location of our study area from 1990 to 2018. This model also allows us to predict subsidence more accurately under future hydrologic scenarios, which is needed to develop plans for sustainable groundwater use.
R. G. Smith and R. Knight, "Modeling Land Subsidence using InSAR and Airborne Electromagnetic Data," Water Resources Research, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 2801-2819, American Geophysical Union (AGU), Apr 2019.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1029/2018WR024185
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
InSAR; Subsidence; Electromagnetics; MCMC; Groundwater
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 Apr 2019