Microbial Communities Associated with Zones of Elevated Magnetic Susceptibility in Hydrocarbon-Contaminated Sediments
Recent studies suggest that magnetic susceptibility (MS) measurements can play an important role in identifying zones where microbial-mediated iron mineral transformations are occurring. Here we investigated the microbial community variations within zones of elevated MS in a petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated aquifer near Bemidji, Minnesota, USA. Our main objective was to 1) identify the key microbial populations that may play a role in hydrocarbon degradation, 2) analyze which microbial populations could be connected to the elevated MS and 3) explore the use of non-destructive geophysical techniques as a tool to guide microbial sampling. Clone libraries based on the 16S rRNA gene revealed the presence of iron-reducing β-Proteobacteria in the vadose zone, whereas the free petroleum phase on the water table was characterized by a methanogenic consortium, in which the syntrophic δ-proteobacterium Smithella and the hydrogenotrophic Methanoregula predominated. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) found a close relationship between elevated MS values and the methanogenic hydrocarbon-degrading consortium. Our results suggest that magnetic susceptibility measurements can guide microbiologists to zones of active microbial biodegradation in aged petroleum spills.
C. L. Beaver et al., "Microbial Communities Associated with Zones of Elevated Magnetic Susceptibility in Hydrocarbon-Contaminated Sediments," Geomicrobiology Journal, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 441-452, Taylor & Francis, May 2016.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1080/01490451.2015.1049676
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Biodegradation; Bioremediation; Gene; Magnetic Susceptibility; Microbial Activity; Microbial Community; Petroleum Hydrocarbon; RNA; Sediment Pollution; Bemidji; Minnesota; United States; Proteobacteria; 16s rRNA Gene; Clone Libraries; Hydrocarbon Contamination; Magnetic Susceptibility; Smithella
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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01 May 2016