Measurement and Monitoring of Microwave Reflection and Transmission Properties of Cement-Based Specimens

Sergey Kharkovsky, Missouri University of Science and Technology
M. F. Akay
U. C. Hasar
C. D. Atis

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The results of measurement and monitoring of reflection and transmission properties of cement-based specimens (blocks of mortar, concrete) during long time of their service lives, including hydration process, and different curing conditions at microwave frequencies (X-band) are presented. A simple and inexpensive measurement system that utilizes the nondestructive and contactless free space method is used. Dependencies of the reflection and transmission coefficients on water-to-cement ratio, preparing and curing conditions of the specimens are demonstrated. It is shown that the reflection coefficient is approximately stable after hydration process while the transmission coefficient changes during long time of the specimen''s service life. The complex dielectric permittivity of the cement-based materials is calculated by a new method using only the amplitudes of the reflection and transmission coefficients. The expected applications of the results are discussed.