Real-Time Implementation of a STATCOM on a Wind Farm Equipped with Doubly Fed Induction Generators

Wei Qiao
Ganesh K. Venayagamoorthy, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Ronald G. Harley

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Voltage stability is a key issue to achieve the uninterrupted operation of wind farms equipped with doubly fed induction generators (DFIGs) during grid faults. A Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) is applied to a power network which includes a DFIG driven by a wind turbine, for steady state voltage regulation and transient voltage stability support. The control schemes of the DFIG rotor-side converter, grid-side converter and the STATCOM are suitably designed and coordinated. The system is implemented in real-time on a Real-Time Digital Simulator (RTDS®). Results show that the STATCOM improves the transient voltage stability and therefore helps the wind turbine generator system to remain in service during grid faults.