Hybrid Clamping in NTSC Digital Video Equipment

Norman R. Cox, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Douglas William Irwin

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Two algorithms that are suitable for deriving the blanking level of a National Television Systems Committee (NTSC) composite video signal are described. One method consists of averaging digitized color-burst samples taken from successive scan lines. A second method involves processing a group of samples taken from a single burst interval. Either algorithm used in a hybrid clamping arrangement results in automatic drift compensation and the ability to tie the back porch or sync tip to a predetermined digital output code. This aids in matching the analog signal to the input of the analog-to-signal (A/D) converter for maximum signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In analyzing the effect of additive noise and timing jitter, it was found that both algorithms are, generally, more vulnerable than a conventional keyed clamper.