Title

Modeling and Simulation of Emergent Behavior in Transportation Infrastructure Restoration

Abstract

The objective of this chapter is to create a methodology to model the emergent behavior during a disruption in the transportation system and that calculates economic losses due to such a disruption, and to understand how an extreme event affects the road transportation network. The chapter discusses a system dynamics approach which is used to model the transportation road infrastructure system to evaluate the different factors that render road segments inoperable and calculate economic consequences of such inoperability. System dynamics models have been integrated with business process simulation model to evaluate, design, and optimize the business process. The chapter also explains how different factors affect the road capacity. After identifying the various factors affecting the available road capacity, a causal loop diagram (CLD) is created to visually represent the causes leading to a change in the available road capacity and the effects on travel costs when the available road capacity changes.

Department(s)

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

INSPIRE - University Transportation Center

Comments

Chapter 15

Keywords and Phrases

Business Process Simulation Model; Causal Loop Diagram; Emergent Behavior; Model Methodology; System Dynamics Approach; Transportation Road Infrastructure System

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)

978-1-119-37886-0

Document Type

Book - Chapter

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2018 Wiley & Sons, All rights reserved.

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