Modeling and Simulation of Emergent Behavior in Transportation Infrastructure Restoration
The objective of this chapter is to create a methodology to model the emergent behavior during a disruption in the transportation system and that calculates economic losses due to such a disruption, and to understand how an extreme event affects the road transportation network. The chapter discusses a system dynamics approach which is used to model the transportation road infrastructure system to evaluate the different factors that render road segments inoperable and calculate economic consequences of such inoperability. System dynamics models have been integrated with business process simulation model to evaluate, design, and optimize the business process. The chapter also explains how different factors affect the road capacity. After identifying the various factors affecting the available road capacity, a causal loop diagram (CLD) is created to visually represent the causes leading to a change in the available road capacity and the effects on travel costs when the available road capacity changes.
A. Ojha et al., "Modeling and Simulation of Emergent Behavior in Transportation Infrastructure Restoration," Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering: A Modeling and Simulation Approach, pp. 349-365, Wiley & Sons, Apr 2018.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119378952.ch15
Engineering Management and Systems Engineering
INSPIRE - University Transportation Center
Keywords and Phrases
Business Process Simulation Model; Causal Loop Diagram; Emergent Behavior; Model Methodology; System Dynamics Approach; Transportation Road Infrastructure System
International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
Book - Chapter
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