The pressing need to decrease the greenhouse gases and to improve the efficiency of the existing fleet of vehicles it is imperative that they use some cleaner energy to run the vehicle. Electrical energy can be used in addition with gasoline used by the internal combustion engine of a conventional vehicle to supplement the incremental demand of power above the average power required by the vehicle. This requires for an on-board energy storage system and batteries like NiMH and Li-ion have proven to be efficient storage devices. This paper provides a comprehensive comparison of these batteries used in hybrid electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

Meeting Name

IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (2008: Sep. 3-5, Harbin, China)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Li-Ion Battery; NiMH Battery; Battery Capacity; Battery Powered Vehicles; Battery Specifications; Secondary Cells; Hybrid Electric Vehicles; Automobiles; Control Theory; Data Storage Equipment; Electric Automobiles; Electric Vehicles; Fleet Operations; Fuzzy Control; Global Warming; Greenhouse Gases; Internal Combustion Engines; Ions; Lithium Batteries; Primary Batteries; Propulsion; Secondary Batteries; Specifications; Hybrid Electric Vehicle

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)


International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2008 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Sep 2008