Energy-efficient Rate Adaptation MAC Protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks


In this paper, two novel energy-efficient rate adaptation schemes are presented. The proposed protocols use the Distributed Power Control (DPC) algorithm to predict the channel state and determine the necessary transmission power which optimizes the energy consumption. The first proposed rate adaptation scheme heuristically alters the modulation rate to balance the energy-efficiency and the required throughput which is estimated with queue fill ratio. Moreover, the back-off scheme is incorporated to mitigate congestion and reduce packet losses due to buffer overflows thus minimizing energy consumption. Consequently, the nodes will conserve energy when the traffic is low, offer higher throughput when needed and save energy during congestion by limiting transmission rates. The second rate adaptation scheme employs dynamic programming (DP) principle to analytically select modulation rate and a burst size to be used during transmission. The proposed quadratic cost-function minimizes the energy consumption while alleviating network congestions and buffer overflows. The proposed DP solution renders a Riccati equation ultimately providing an optimal rate selection. The simulation results indicate that an increase in throughput by 96% and energy-efficiency by 131% is observed when compared to other available protocols, for example Receiver Based AutoRate (RBAR).


Electrical and Computer Engineering


National Science Foundation (U.S.)

Keywords and Phrases

Congestion Control; Dynamic Programming; Energy-Efficiency; Rate Adaptation; Wireless Sensor Networks

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2007 Springer-Verlag, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Nov 2007