The electric field integral equation is a well-known workhorse for obtaining fields scattered by a perfect electric conducting object. As a result, the nuances and challenges of solving this equation have been examined for a while. Two recent papers motivate the effort presented in this paper. Unlike traditional work that uses equivalent currents defined on surfaces, recent research proposes a technique that results in well-conditioned systems by employing generalized Debye sources (GDS) as unknowns. In a complementary effort, some of us developed a method that exploits the same representation for both the geometry (subdivision surface representations) and functions defined on the geometry, also known as isogeometric analysis (IGA). The challenge in generalizing GDS method to a discretized geometry is the complexity of the intermediate operators. However, thanks to our earlier work on subdivision surfaces, the additional smoothness of geometric representation permits discretizing these intermediate operations. In this paper, we employ both ideas to present a well-conditioned GDS-electric field integral equation. Here, the intermediate surface Laplacian is well discretized by using subdivision basis. Likewise, using subdivision basis to represent the sources results in an efficient and accurate IGA framework. Numerous results are presented to demonstrate the efficacy of the approach.


Electrical and Computer Engineering


National Science Foundation, Grant 1989

Keywords and Phrases

Debye sources; electric field integral equation (EFIE); isogeometric analysis (IGA); subdivision surfaces; surface Laplacian

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Document Type

Article - Journal

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Publication Date

01 Oct 2017