A general and systematic approach is the first time proposed in this paper to design the neutralization line (NL) for isolation enhancement in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antenna arrays. Each NL consists of a metal strip and a reactive component attached at its middle position. It is connected with every two antenna radiators to generate an additional coupling path against the original antenna coupling for isolation enhancement. A general network model that leads to a systematic design procedure is developed to meet the required isolation criteria. Three practical examples are presented and used to verify the proposed NL-based decoupling technique (DT). The measurement results align well with simulations. For all these examples, good impedance matching, isolation over 25 dB, total radiation efficiencies over 70%, and very low envelop correlation coefficients (ECCs) can be achieved simultaneously after adopting the proposed NL DT. Compared with previous decoupling works using parasitic elements, decoupling networks or NLs, the proposed method can achieve either a much wider decoupling bandwidth or a much smaller antenna separation distance while keeping a low design complexity along with systematic design procedure.


Electrical and Computer Engineering


National Natural Science Foundation of China, Grant FA2386-17-1-0010

Keywords and Phrases

coupling; decoupling technique; isolation; MIMO antenna; Neutralization line; reactive component

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1939-9359; 0018-9545

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





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Publication Date

01 Jun 2020