This year marks about half a century since the birth of the technique known as the partial element equivalent circuit modeling approach. This method was initially conceived to model the behavior of interconnect-type problems for computer-integrated circuits. An important industrial requirement was the computation of general inductances in integrated circuits and packages. Since then, the advances in methods and applications made it suitable for modeling a large class of electromagnetic problems, especially in the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)/signal and power integrity (SI/PI) areas. The purpose of this article is to present an overview of all aspects of the method, from its beginning to the present day, with special attention to the developments that have made it suitable for EMC/SI/PI problems.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Publication Status

Early Access

Keywords and Phrases

Circuit modeling; Conductors; electromagnetic modeling; Equivalent circuits; Integrated circuit modeling; Kirchhoff laws; Magnetic separation; Mathematical models; Maxwell's equations; Method of moments; Numerical models; partial element equivalent circuit (PEEC) method

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1558-187X; 0018-9375

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2023 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Jan 2023