Frequency selective surfaces are a periodic array of unit cells that, when illuminated externally, have a specific frequency response that depends on element geometry, spacing, and substrate properties. Theoretically, FSS is assumed as an infinite array of unit cells with a plane wave excitation. However, in practice, an FSS is finite and hence, due to edge effects, the limited number of unit cells, and non-uniform illumination, the response will deviate from the theoretical. As it relates to FSS-based sensing in particular, a localized illumination is often used in order to improve the sensing resolution. However, due to the aforementioned factors, the sensitivity of the sensor may suffer as a result. Hence, the effect of these factors is studied on the FSS sensor response. Then, taking strain measurement as an example, the degradation in the sensor sensitivity to strain is evaluated in comparison with that of a theoretical FSS. The simulation results show that a finite FSS with non-uniform illumination has reduced sensitivity to strain. This degradation in sensitivity of reduces as the number of illuminated unit cells increases. However, the sensitivity of a finite FSS with uniform illumination is nearly constant with respect to the number of illuminated unit cells.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

finite FSS; Frequency selective surface; FSS-based sensing; sensitivity; strain sensing

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Final Version

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Publication Date

01 Jan 2022