Optical Oxygen Sensor Patch Printed with Polystyrene Microparticles-Based Ink on Flexible Substrate


Optical oxygen sensors based on photoluminescence quenching have gained increasing attention as a superior method for continuous monitoring of oxygen in a growing number of applications. A simple and low-cost fabrication technique was developed to produce sensor arrays capable of two-dimensional oxygen tension measurement. Sensor patches were printed on polyvinylidene chloride film using an oxygen-sensitive ink cocktail, prepared by immobilizing Pt (II) meso-tetra(pentafluorophenyl)porphine (PtTFPP) in monodispersed polystyrene microparticles. The dispersion media of the ink cocktail, high molecular weight polyvinyl pyrrolidone suspended in 50% ethanol (v/v in water), allowed adhesion promotion and compatibility with most common polymeric substrates. Ink phosphorescence intensity was found to vary primarily with fluorophore concentration and to a lesser extent with polystyrene particle size. The sensor performance was investigated as a function of oxygen concentrations employing two different techniques: a multi-frequency phase fluorometer and smart phone-based image acquisition. The printed sensor patch showed fast and repetitive response over 0-21% oxygen concentrations with high linearity (with R2 > 0.99) in a Stern-Volmer plot, and sensitivity of I0/I21 > 1.55. The optical sensor response on a surface was investigated further using two-dimensional images which were captured and analyzed under different oxygen environment. Printed sensor patch along with imaging read-out technique make an ideal platform for early detection of surface wounds associated with tissue oxygen.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Second Department


Keywords and Phrases

Optical Oxygen Sensor; Photoluminescence; RGB Image; Sensor Patch

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1558-1748; 1530-437X

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2021 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Oct 2021