Metal-Organic Framework Materials Coupled to Optical Fibers for Chemical Sensing: A Review
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), a newer class of crystalline nanoporous materials, have been in the limelight owing to their exceptional tunability for structures and physicochemical properties, and have found successful applications in gas storage, gas separation, and catalysis. The mesmerizing properties of MOFs, especially the extensive and tunable porosity and chemical selectivity, also make them an excellent candidate class as chemo-sensory materials. Moreover, MOF-based sensors have attracted considerable attention in the past decade. Recent literature reviews focused on the progress of MOF-based electronic sensors and luminescent MOF sensors, while sensors exploiting the dielectric properties (refractive index) of MOFs were also demonstrated and discussed very recently. The motivation of this report is to provide, for the first time, a general review on such MOF sensors with a particular focus on miniature optical fiber (OF) based MOF sensors and to demonstrate the promising potential of MOFs as dielectric coatings on OF for highly sensitive chemical sensing. The fundamental principle of OF-MOF sensors relies on the tunability of the refractive index of a MOF, which is dependent on the amount and type of adsorbed guest molecules in the MOF pores. MOF sensors based on different optical sensing principles are reviewed; challenges and perspectives on further research into the field of OF-MOF sensors are also discussed.
C. Zhu et al., "Metal-Organic Framework Materials Coupled to Optical Fibers for Chemical Sensing: A Review," IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 21, no. 18, pp. 19647-19661, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Sep 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2021.3094092
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Adsorption; Fibers; Gases; Metal-Organic Frameworks; Optical Fiber Sensors; Sensors; Thin Films
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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15 Sep 2021