Joint Planning of Electricity Transmission and Hydrogen Transportation Networks


The abundance and uneven distribution of renewable energy might cause congestion and curtailment in electric power systems. Transmission expansions can potentially alleviate transmission congestion and reduce renewable energy curtailment. On the other hand, with the substantial cost reduction of electrolyzer technology and the continuing rise of hydrogen demand, converting surplus renewable energy to hydrogen provides synergistic benefits to electric grid and hydrogen system, but consequently requires joint planning of the two systems. To this end, we propose a joint planning approach for power transmission and hydrogen transportation networks to coordinately optimize the investment and operation of power and hydrogen infrastructure. In our proposed model, detailed truck routing, pipeline, and hydrogen storage are formulated to quantify the hydrogen transportation system flexibility. A robust joint planning approach is also proposed to address various uncertainties from renewable energy, electric load, and hydrogen demand. Our numerical simulation shows the proposed joint planning model can save the total system cost, reduce renewable energy curtailment, and increase the utilization level of transmission lines.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Publication Status

Early Access


This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) under the Water Power Technologies Office Award Number DE-EE0008781.

Keywords and Phrases

B Index for Units; Computational Modeling; D Index for Scenarios; Daily Time Periods I; Hourly Time Periods; Hydrogen; Hydrogen Storage; Hydrogen Storage; Hydrogen Transportation; K; N Index for Terminal Zones/Buses of Truck Routines; or Transmission Lines T H S; Pipelines; Pipelines; Planning; Power System Buses M; Renewable Energy NOMENCLATURE Indices and Sets S; Renewable Energy Sources; T; T D S; Technologies; Transmission Expansion Planning; Transportation; Z; Zones

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1939-9367; 0093-9994

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2021 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

14 Oct 2021