An AC security constrained unit commitment (AC-SCUC) in the presence of the renewable energy sources (RESs) and shunt flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) devices is conventionally modeled as a deterministic optimization problem to minimize the operation cost of conventional generation units (CGUs) subject to AC optimal power flow (AC-OPF) equations, operation constraints of RESs, shunt FACTS devices, and CGUs. To cope with the uncertainties of load and RES generation, robust and stochastic optimization and linearized formulation have been used to achieve a sub-optimal solution. To arrive at a more optimal solution, an evolutionary algorithm-based adaptive robust optimization (EA-ARO) approach to solve the non-linear and non-convex optimization problem was proposed. A hybrid solver of grey wolf optimization (GWO) and teaching learning-based optimization (TLBO) was proposed to solve the AC-SCUC problem in the worst-case scenario to obtain robust and reliable optimal solution. Finally, the proposed method was simulated on standard IEEE test systems to demonstrate its capabilities, and the results showed the proposed hybrid solver obtained robust optimal solutions with reduced computation time and standard deviation. Moreover, the numerical results proved the proposed strategy's capabilities of improving the economics of generation units, such as lower operational cost, and enhancing the performance of the transmission networks, such as improved voltage profile and reduced energy losses.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Intelligent Systems Center

Keywords and Phrases

AC Security Constrained Unit Commitment; Adaptive Robust Optimization; Evolutionary Algorithm; Renewable Energy Sources; Shunt FACTS Devices

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Publication Date

14 Sep 2021