Identification of Interdependencies and Prediction of Fault Propagation for Cyber-physical Systems


Interdependence is an intrinsic feature of cyber-physical systems. Cyber and physical components are tightly integrated with each other, and hence, a trivial impairment in a part of the system may affect several components, leading to a sequence of failures that collapses the entire system. In this paper, we seek to identify the interdependencies among the components of a cyber-physical system using correlation metrics as well as a heuristic causation analysis method. We also demonstrate applicability of neural networks for prediction of imminent failures given the current system state. The proposed prediction tool can help system operators to perform timely preventive actions and mitigate the consequences of accidental failures and malicious attacks. As a case study, we have analyzed two smart grid test cases based on IEEE power bus systems, namely, IEEE-14 and IEEE-57.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Intelligent Systems Center

Keywords and Phrases

Correlation And Causation; Cyber-physical Systems; Failure Prediction; Fault Propagation; Interdependency; Neural Networks; Smart Grid

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


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© 2021 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Nov 2021