Energy Efficient D2D Communications using Multiple UAV Relays
In this paper, we propose a novel optimization model for multiple Unmanned Areal Vehicles (UAVs) working simultaneously as relays to help two set of ground users; namely relay users and device-to-device (D2D) users. The relay users are assumed out communication rages from each other and use the UAV link to for their data transmission. While the D2D users are assumed to be nearby users and use the UAV for managing the resources without being involved in the transmission. The goal of the paper is to operate the UAVs in an energy-efficient manner to support the different set of users by i) optimizing the available bandwidth and power allocations of the D2D links, and ii) acting as relays when needed to maintain the communication links between relay users. We formulate an optimization problem that maximizes the throughput-energy utility while respecting the resource availability including the UAVs’ energy consumption, UAV-user association, and trajectory constraints. Due to the non-convexity of the problem, we propose to solve it in three steps using Taylor series approximation. Firstly, we optimize the transmit power of the UAVs and users. Then, we optimize the bandwidth allocation for a given transmit power values. Finally, an efficient heuristic algorithm based on a recursive shrink-and-realign process is proposed to optimize the UAVs’ trajectories. The performance of the proposed method shows advantages in terms of average throughput compared to the fixed power and bandwidth solutions.
A. Alsharoa and M. Yuksel, "Energy Efficient D2D Communications using Multiple UAV Relays," IEEE Transactions on Communications, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Jan 2021.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1109/TCOMM.2021.3078786
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Bandwidth; Base Stations; Device-To-Device Communication; Relays; Resource Management; Throughput; Trajectory Optimization
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2021 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.
01 Jan 2021