Analysis of Skin Effect in High Frequency Isolation Transformers


In this paper, a high frequency transformer with different conductors and winding arrangements, at presence of eddy currents and skin effect, is studied. By using different winding structures, and conductor types, such as circular, square shaped, and foil wires, the skin effect in the windings is studied and current density within the conductors at a high frequency of 20 MHz and a lower frequency of 20 kHz are investigated using finite element method (FEM) simulation. Moreover, magnetic field distribution in the transformers at 20 MHz is obtained and displayed. Also, magnetizing inductance, leakage inductance and AC winding resistance for all of the transformer types are found and compared, and frequency response for the transformers are obtained and shown. Lastly, based on the results, the skin effect increases the AC winding resistance and decreases the leakage inductance as the frequency increases. Furthermore, different winding arrangements, conductors, and transformer types show a wide range of parasitic and loss behavior, which enable the designers to compromise between various parameters in different applications, especially new fast switches such as SiC and GaN.

Meeting Name

51st North American Power Symposium, NAPS 2019 (2019: Oct. 13-15, Wichita, KS)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Center for Research in Energy and Environment (CREE)


This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, "Enabling Extreme Fast Charging with Energy Storage", DE-EE0008449.

Keywords and Phrases

Eddy Current and Skin Effect; High Frequency Transformer; Leakage Inductance; Magnetic Field; Winding AC Resistance

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


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© 2019 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Oct 2019