Mechanical Magnetic Field Generator for Communication in the ULF Range


Electromagnetic (EM) fields at radio frequencies (RF) cannot penetrate deep into media with high conductivity such as sea water, wet soil, etc. However, moving to the ultralow frequency (ULF) range (300 Hz-3 kHz) allows a considerable range of communication due to the decreased medium loss at low frequencies and a possibility to use the penetrating near field. Magnetically coupled coils are commonly used for near-field magneto-inductive (MI) communication. Alternatively, it is possible to create ULF magnetic fields of sufficient amplitude by rotating permanent magnets. In this work, a ULF magnetic field generator has been created using a rotating permanent magnet. It has been shown that the proposed field generator outperforms a conventional coil source (23 dB of field strength for the same volume and dissipated power that is 0.35 W), which can be a considerable advantage for low size, weight, and power applications. A method to produce amplitude shift keying (ASK) modulation signals using a modulation coil was proposed and analyzed. It was demonstrated that the inductance of the modulation coil is not critical for achieving acceptable modulation ratios, which opens a possibility for a compact ASK generator design. A simple circuit model and analytical formula for modulation efficiency of the generator were proposed and validated by measurement.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Second Department

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Magneto inductive (MI) communication; near field; rotating permanent magnet

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 2020 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Mar 2020