Title

Per-Bit Equalization Approach for Multi-Level Signal in High-Speed Design

Abstract

A new feed forward equalization (FFE) method for four-level pulse-amplitude modulation signal (PAM4) is introduced. The new FFE method equalizes the signal by bit instead of by symbol which provide the better high frequency compensation in some situations. The advantages and limitations of per bit FFE is discussed and compared against per symbol FFE. Several test cases are presented to show the advantages and limitations of the new FFE method.

Meeting Name

2017 IEEE 26th Conference on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems, EPEPS 2017 (2017: Oct. 15-18, San Jose, CA)

Department(s)

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Electronics packaging; Oscillators (electronic); Pulse amplitude modulation; Feedforward equalizations (FFE); High frequency HF; High speed designs; High-speed links; Multilevels; Per-bit equalization; Per-symbol; Test case; Equalizers; FFE; PAM-4

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)

978-1-5386-3631-2

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

2165-4115

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2017 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

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