Application of Electrically Invisible Antennas to the Modulated Scatterer Technique


The Modulated Scatterer Technique (MST) has shown promise for application in microwave imaging, electric field mapping, and materials characterization. It is difficult to reliably detect the modulated scattered signal, due to the small size of the MST elements. Increasing the modulation depth (a parameter related to how well a scatterer modulates an incident signal) may improve the detection of the modulated scattered signal. In an effort to improve the modulation depth of MST scattering elements, the concept of electrically invisible antennas is applied to MST. This paper presents simulations and measurements of a traditional MST scatterer (a centrally-loaded resonant dipole) that has been designed to be electrically invisible. Building on this, an invisible dual-loaded scatterer is designed, with simulations showing significant improvement to the modulated depth as compared to a traditional modulated dipole.

Meeting Name

2013 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference: Instrumentation and Measurement for Life, I2MTC 2013 (2013: May 6-9, Minneapolis, MN)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Dual-loaded scatterer; Electric field mapping; Materials characterization; Microwave imaging; Modulated scatterer; Modulated scatterer technique (MST); Modulation depth; Simulations and measurements, Dipole antennas; Directional patterns (antenna); Electric fields; Imaging systems; Instruments; Modulation; Scattering; Signal detection; Measurements; Invisible antennas; Modulated scatterer technique

International Standard Book Number (ISBN)


International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)


Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

Document Version


File Type





© 2013 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 May 2013