This paper describes the development of a discrete-event simulation framework that emulates the interactions between the power grid and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and examines whether the capacity of the existing power system can meet the PHEV load demand. The probability distribution functions for the arrival time and energy demand of each vehicle are extracted from real-world statistical transportation data. The power grid's limited generation and transmission capacities are considered to be the major constraints. Therefore, vehicles may have to wait to receive any charge. The proposed simulation framework is justified and described in some detail in applying it to two real cases in the United States to determine certain regions' grid potential to support PHEVs. Both Level-1 and -2 charging are considered.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Discrete Event Simulation; Distribution Functions; Electric Utilities; Probability Distributions; Load Profiles; Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV); Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles; Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV); Power Grids; Simulation Framework; Transmission Capacities; Transportation Electrifications; Electric Power Distribution; Charging Event; Load Profile; Power Grid; Transportation Electrification

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1551-3203; 1941-0050

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Final Version

File Type





© 2014 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), All rights reserved.

Publication Date

01 Feb 2014