Doctoral Dissertations


Fang Yang


"Shallow aquifers are potential candidates for carbon sequestration because of their wide distribution and low injection cost. Injected CO₂ in a shallow region segregates into two zones according to CO₂ phases within the initial reservoir pressure and the maximum bottom hole pressure: gas zone and transition zone. Transition zone is a better option because of favorable CO₂ properties. This work investigated the CO₂ storage potential in transition zone using the compositional simulator CMG-GEM and a design of experiment software iSIGHT. First, it addressed the basic characteristics of CO₂ sequestration in transition zone, and then modeled CO₂ injection with simultaneous water withdrawal as a necessary means for improving CO₂ storage capacity. Next, it compared the difference between sequestration in transition zone and supercritical zone. Finally, it optimized the storage potential of transition zone from engineering aspects. The simulation results show that transition zone is very promising with water withdrawal. Water withdrawal greatly improves CO₂ storage capacity and injectivity. A shallow aquifer in transition zone provides considerable storage capacity, better storage volume efficiency, and a higher portion of stable CO₂ than a deep aquifer in supercritical zone. High storage capacity can be obtained when the aquifer is thick with high porosity, high permeability, low salinity, medium anisotropy, and medium heterogeneity. Within 600-1000 m, storage capacity is affected primarily by thickness and porosity, then salinity. The less significant effect of depth indicates the great potential of transition zone for CO₂ sequestration under favorable conditions. Pulse injection provides better storage capacity and efficiency than continuous injection and water alternating gas. A small pattern size should be considered at low rates, while a large pattern size is preferred at high rates"--Abstract, page iii.


Bai, Baojun
Dunn-Norman, Shari

Committee Member(s)

Nygaard, Runar
Flori, Ralph E.
Wronkiewicz, David J.


Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Petroleum Engineering


National Energy Technology Laboratory (U.S.)


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Fall 2012


xii, 129 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 122-128).


© 2012 Fang Yang, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Subject Headings

Carbon sequestration
Geological carbon sequestration
Carbon dioxide

Thesis Number

T 10154

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