Doctoral Dissertations

Keywords and Phrases

Composite adsorbent; H2 purification; Methane storage; multicomponent adsorption; Nanocomposite; Surface modification


"Transition to a clean, renewable energy future requires departure from thermally driven separation processes. In that regard, development of new materials that exhibit high adsorption capacity and selectivity, fast kinetics, and long-term durability under multicomponent conditions is becoming attractive for the applications in clean energy. Moreover, novel sorbents and separation systems that can store gases at normal conditions offer a promising approach for stationary or onboard gas storage. Due to the limitations on the surface area and biding energy restrict commercial materials effectiveness as a potential adsorption and storage material. There is significant interest in the properties of hybrid materials for their potential to improve gas capacity and selectivity.

The first phase of this research focuses primarily on developing novel hybrid materials comprised of MOF and zeolite with core-shell structure for H2 purification to achieve large adsorption capacity, high selectivity, and fast kinetics under multicomponent. In addition, the kinetics of H2 purification over high-surface area Activated carbon under pressure swing adsorption conditions were systematically investigated. In the second phase of this research, CH4 storage performances of hybrid nanocomposite adsorbents comprised of MOF and graphene oxide, and highly porous aerogel-derived carbon adsorbents were investigated. The potential of these adsorbents for use in adsorbed natural gas tanks was thereafter demonstrated. The findings of this dissertation highlight the importance of synergistic effects of constituents in hybrid adsorbents in promoting adsorption/storage efficiencies, while fully assessing their performance under more realistic conditions"--Abstract, p. iv


Rezaei, Fateme

Committee Member(s)

Al-Dahhan, Muthanna H.
Ludlow, Douglas K.
Rownaghi, Ali A.
Dogan, Fatih


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Chemical Engineering


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2022


xiv, 183 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes_bibliographical_references_(pages 178-182)


© 2022 Qasim Mohammed Al-Naddaf, All Rights Reserved

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Thesis Number

T 12224