Keywords and Phrases
Additive Manufacturing; In-Situ Monitoring; Laser Powder Bed Fusion; Thermography
“Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) metal Additive Manufacturing (AM) fabricates 3D metal parts layer-by-layer. The process enables production of geometrically complex parts that are difficult to inspect with traditional methods. The LPBF parts experience significant geometry driven thermal variations during manufacturing. This creates microstructure and mechanical property inhomogeneities and can stochastically cause defects. Mission critical applications require part qualification by measuring the defects non-destructively. The layer-to-layer nature of LPBF permits non-intrusive measurement of radiometric signals for a part’s entire volume. These measurements provide thermal features that correlate with the local part health. This research establishes Optical Emission Spectroscopy (OES) and Short-Wave Infrared (SWIR) imaging radiometric inspection methods that infer the final material state in LPBF. The instruments’ signals are correlated with bulk and local part properties to evaluate prediction capabilities. A probability framework defines the SWIR camera’s local defect detection successes and limitations. Finally, a superposition thermal model based on SWIR data predicts laser scan path driven thermal history effects for process correction applications”--Abstract, page iv.
Drallmeier, J. A.
Kinzel, Edward C.
Landers, Robert G.
Bristow, Douglas A.
Newkirk, Joseph William
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Ph. D. in Mechanical Engineering
Missouri University of Science and Technology
Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation
- In-Situ Optical Emission Spectroscopy of Selective Laser Melting
- Correlation of SWIR Imaging with LPBF 304L Stainless Steel Part Properties
- Local Prediction of Laser Powder Bed Fusion Porosity by Short-Wave Infrared Imaging
- Rapid Thermal History Prediction for Laser Powder Bed Fusion by Experimentally Informed Superposition Model
xiii, 117 pages
© 2021 Cody Shannon Lough, All rights reserved.
Dissertation - Open Access
Lough, Cody S., "Development of in-situ radiometric inspection methods for quality assurance in laser powder bed fusion" (2021). Doctoral Dissertations. 3133.