Doctoral Dissertations


"Temperature and composition were measured at various locations in a system where ethylene is hydrogenated to ethane on a 1/4 inch porous catalyst wedge made of nickel supported on alumina. 'When the wedge of catalyst was bathed in hydrogen, experimental results indicated a high temperature rise from the feed temperature to the catalyst which is implied by the diffusion controlled regime for solid catalyzed, highly exothermic reactions. This high activity was reversibly reduced by bathing the catalyst wedge in nitrogen for extended time periods (greater than 24 hours). This nitrogen soaking changed the experimental conditions from those of diffusion controlled kinetics to those typically exhibited by systems in the kinetic regime.

The experimental system was simulated numerically for a variety of boundary conditions using reasonable assumptions and physical property data for this reaction system. Heat and mass transfer coefficients were allowed to vary along the wedge according to boundary layer theory results. For the internal wedge temperatures predicted by the model to agree within 1% of those measured experimentally, it was necessary to consider finite heat transfer at the stagnation point which is contrary to the classical boundary layer theory commonly applied to flat plate and wedge flows. It was also necessary to allow modest (~6% or less) heat loss from the back edge of the wedge"--Abstract, page ii.


Crosser, Orrin K.

Committee Member(s)

Robertson, B. Ken
Johnson, James W., 1930-2002
Zakin, J. L.
Roach, D. Vincent


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Chemical Engineering


University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date



viii, 137 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 53-56).


© 1974 Joseph Michael Schardl, Jr., All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted Access

File Type




Library of Congress Subject Headings

Chemical reactions
Boundary layer

Thesis Number

T 3003

Print OCLC #


Electronic OCLC #


Link to Catalog Record

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