Doctoral Dissertations


Shane Lawson

Keywords and Phrases

3D-Printing; Adsorption; Kinetic Assessment; Metal-Organic Frameworks; Pressure-Swing Adsorption; Zeolites


“Adsorbent materials are promising for various gas purification processes, however, forming them into structured contactors is paramount in enhancing mass transfer properties and reducing pressure losses. In this research, various adsorbents were engineered into structured contactors with 3D printing. The overall goal of this research was to improve the formulation methods of 3D-printed adsorbents and understand their performances in gas separation processes. The specific objectives were to 1) develop new adsorbent 3D-printing strategies, 2) understand the kinetic properties of printed adsorbent monoliths, and 3) assess their process performances. Objective one was addressed by developing five 3D printing techniques: i) oxide seeding and secondary MOF growth (Paper I), ii) direct ink writing of amine-modified MOFs (Paper II), iii) polymer seeding with MOF growth (Paper III), IV) MOF precursor incorporation into printable sol-gels with thermal coordination (Paper V), and v) binderless zeolite printing with sacrificial pectin and gelatin biopolymers (Paper VI). Objective two was addressed by varying the monolith cell density (Paper IV), adsorbent loading method (Papers II-III, V-VI) and macropore space (Paper IV-VI) to determine how these properties relate to printed monoliths’ mass transfer rates. Objective three was addressed by varying the process conditions in a PSA system over a 3D-printed MOF-74 (Ni) monolith for CO2/H2 separation (Paper VII) and over an activated carbon monolith bed for CO2/CH4 separation (Paper VIII). Overall, this research indicated that developing new printing methods can enhance the physiochemical and kinetic properties of printed adsorbent monoliths, established that printed monoliths’ kinetic rates are limited by molecular diffusion, and demonstrated that printed adsorbent monoliths can achieve comparable PSA separation performance to established benchmarks”--Abstract, page iv.


Rezaei, Fateme

Committee Member(s)

Ludlow, Douglas K.
Lueking, Angela D.
Rownaghi, Ali A.
Glaser, Rainer, 1957-


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Chemical Engineering


The authors would like to thank financial support from NASA-EPSCoR through the project NNX15AK38A.
The involvement of Shane Lawson in this work was sponsored by the National Science Foundation internship program (NSF CBET-1802049).


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2021

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • UTSA-16 growth within 3D-printed co-kaolin monoliths with high selectivity for CO2/CH4, CO2/N2,.and CO2/H2 separation
  • Amine-functionalized MIL-101 monoliths for CO2 removal from enclosed environments
  • Development of 3D-printed polymer-MOF monoliths for CO2 adsorption
  • The effects of cell density and intrinsic porosity on structural properties and adsorption kinetics in 3D-printed zeolite monoliths
  • Gel-print-grow: A new way of 3D-printing metal-organic frameworks
  • Production of binderless zeolite monoliths by 3D printing sacrificial biopolymers
  • Investigation of the effects of process parameters on CO2/H2 separation performance of 3D-printed MOF-74 monoliths
  • Assessment of 3D-printed activated carbon monoliths for PSA separation of carbon dioxide and methane


xx, 295 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references.


© 2021 Shane Matthew Lawson, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Thesis Number

T 12028

Electronic OCLC #