Doctoral Dissertations


Chen Zhu

Keywords and Phrases

Coaxial-cable sensors; Fabry-Perot interferometers; Fiber-optic sensors


”The fiber-optic extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometer (EFPI) is one of the simplest sensing configurations and is widely used in various applications due to its prominent features, such as high sensitivity, immunity to electromagnetic interference, and remote operation capability. In this research, a novel one-dimensional wide-range displacement sensor and a three-dimensional displacement sensor based on fiber-optic EFPIs are demonstrated. These two robust and easy-to-manufacture sensors expand the application scope of the fiber-optic EFPI sensor devices, and have great potential in structural health monitoring, the construction industry, oil well monitoring, and geo-technology.

Furthermore, inspired by the fiber-optic EFPI, a novel and universal ultra-sensitive microwave sensing platform based on an open-ended hollow coaxial cable resonator (OE-HCCR, i.e., the coaxial cable EFPI) is developed. Both the theoretical predictions and experimental results demonstrate the ultra-high sensitivity of the OE-HCCR device to variations of the gap distance between the endface of the coaxial cable and an external metal plate. Additionally, combining the chemical-specific adsorption properties of metal-organic framework (MOF) materials with the dielectric sensitivity of the OE-HCCR, a mechanically robust and portable gas sensor device (OE-HCCR-MOF) with high chemical selectivity and sensitivity is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Due to its low cost, high sensitivity, all-metal structure, robustness, and ease of signal demodulation, it is envisioned that the proposed OE-HCCR device will advance EFPI sensing technologies, revolutionize the sensing field, and enable many important sensing applications that take place in harsh environments”--Abstract, page iv.


Huang, Jie

Committee Member(s)

Donnell, Kristen M.
Watkins, Steve Eugene, 1960-
Yang, Xiaodong
Zhang, Jiangfan


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Electrical Engineering


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2021

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • A Displacement Sensor with Centimeter Dynamic Range and Submicrometer Resolution Based on an Optical Interferometer
  • An Optical Interferometric Triaxial Displacement Sensor for Structural Health Monitoring: Characterization of Sliding and Debonding for a Delamination Process
  • Probing the Theoretical Ultimate Limit of Coaxial Cable Sensing: Measuring Nanometer Scale Displacements
  • Metal-Organic Framework Portable Chemical Sensor


xii, 110 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references.


© 2021 Chen Zhu, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Thesis Number

T 11988

Electronic OCLC #