Doctoral Dissertations


Wenyuan Cui

Keywords and Phrases

Additive manufacturing; Deep learning; Defect detection; Functionally graded material; High-entropy alloys; Laser metal deposition


"Alloying has been used to confer desirable properties to materials. It typically involves the addition of small amounts of secondary elements to a primary element. In the past decade, however, a new alloying strategy that involves the combination of multiple principal elements in high concentrations to create new materials called high- entropy alloys (HEAs) has been in vogue. In the first part, the investigation focused on the fabrication process and property assessment of the additive manufactured HEA to broaden its engineering applications. Additive manufacturing (AM) is based on manufacturing philosophy through the layer-by-layer method and accomplish the near net-shaped components fabrication. Attempt was made to coat AlCoCrFeNi HEA on an AISI 304 stainless steel substrate to integrate their properties, however, it failed due to the cracks at the interface. The implementation of an intermediate layer improved the bond and eliminated the cracks. Next, an AlCoCrFeNiTi0.5 HEA coating was fabricated on the Ti6Al4V substrate, and its isothermal oxidation behavior was studied. The HEA coating effectively improved the Ti6Al4V substrate's oxidation resistance due to the formation of continuous protective oxides. In the second part, research efforts were made on the deep learning-based quality inspection of additive manufactured products. The traditional inspection process has relied on manual recognition, which could suffer from low efficiency and potential bias. A neural-network approach was developed toward robust real-world AM anomaly detection. The results indicate the promising application of the neural network in the AM industry"--Abstract, page iv.


Liou, Frank W.

Committee Member(s)

Chandrashekhara, K.
Chen, Lianyi
Midha, A. (Ashok)
He, Xiaoming


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Name

Ph. D. in Mechanical Engineering


This work was funded by financial support from NSF (National Science Foundation) grants CMMI-1625736 and EEC-1937128, and Intelligent System Center (ISC) at Missouri University of Science and Technology (Missouri S&T).

Research Center/Lab(s)

Intelligent Systems Center


Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Spring 2021

Journal article titles appearing in thesis/dissertation

  • Fabrication and Characterization of AlxCrCuFeNi2 High-Entropy Alloys Coatings by Laser Metal Deposition
  • Fabrication of AlCoCrFeNi High-Entropy Alloy Coating on an AISI 304 Substrate via a CoFe2Ni Intermediate Layer
  • Metal Additive Manufacturing Parts Inspection Using Convolutional Neural Network
  • Laser Metal Deposition of an AlCoCrFeNiTi0.5 High-Entropy Alloy Coating on a Ti6Al4V Substrate: Microstructure and Oxidation Behavior


xv, 121 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references.


© 2021 Wenyuan Cui, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

File Type




Thesis Number

T 11832

Electronic OCLC #